نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 عضو هیأت علمی دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد
2 دانش آموخته دکتری زبان و ادبیات عربی دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد و استادمدعو گروه زبان و ادبیات عربی دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد
3 دانشجوی دکتری زبان و ادبیات عربی دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد
عنوان مقاله [English]
Ghada Al - Saman, the author of the well - known name of Syrian origin, who deals with the subject of women in most of her works , and Aynak Qadri , the first story in the series of the same name , which speaks of the neglect of women's civil rights in society. This requires the study of the views of Arabic - speaking women writers from different perspectives , and psychological criticism is one of the new fields of literary criticism in which the critic relies on the principles and foundations of psychology, stimuli and emotional emotions and Examines the factors influencing the creation of a literary work. Based on the fact that the human psyche, unconsciously or consciously , uses various tools to control anxiety and achieve relaxation , they are called defense mechanisms. In fact, defense mechanisms are psychological activities that occur after the emergence of anxiety when logical activities are not useful to ward off these anxieties. In this research, with the method of description and analysis and with a text-based approach and based on Freud's theory of defense mechanism, the story of Ainak Qadri has been studied. The results of the research show that Ghada Al - Saman, with her strong characterization in the story of Ainak , has succeeded in drawing how these mechanisms are used by Talat as the main character, using new methods of storytelling based on the description of his personality and mental states. In the face of the reality of a patriarchal society , the main character of the story uses defense mechanisms to reduce his inner anxieties , The mechanism of repression and denial is the most prominent mechanism in this story that the main character has resorted to in order to gain " the Super Ego" .