Sound Symbolism Continuum in Nizar Qabbaniˈs Poetry; Based on Hintonˈs Theory

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Assistant Professor of Arabic Language and Literature, Payame Noor University of Zahedan

2 Associate Professor of Arabic Language and Literature, Kashan University


Iconicity which represents the aroused link between a significance and a signifier, considers the language structure influenced by human's emotional perception from the outside world as a metalanguage factor. This principle is considering the sign of a cognition from the most important beautification elements and the most main tools of transmission of meaning in Nizar Qabbani's poem. In this regard, the present research is accomplished aiming to be characterized different levels of phonetic arousal in the poet's poems on an appendix from the highest to the lowest degree of clarity in the framework of phonetic symbolism theory by Hinton & et, al.The analysis of Qabbani poems based on the continuum proposed by Hinton and his colleagues is important because by relying on this method in an objective and coherent way and based on modern scientific principles, we can examine the phonetic significance of signs and determine their degrees of arusal. Explained the linguistic forms with their examples in real world; therefore, in the present stydy, we try to examine different types of arusal from the highest to the lowest degree of clarity in Qabbani poems according to Hintonˈs phonetic symbolism pattern and answer these qustions. Be: what are the types of principal signs in Nizar Qabbaniˈs poem? Can signs be placed on a continuum from the ultimate arusal to the ultimate symbolism? Dose the imagery of Qabbaniˈs signs and poetry contradict the principle of optional words? The research results represent that different kinds of phonetic symbolism in Qabbani's poem are: objective, imitative, combinational and conventional. The objective signs in the poet's poems include emotional sounds and expressions of interjection, surprise and ... contain the most level of iconicity. Then, sequentially, imitative symbols in the form of words, onomatopoeia,  combinational signs which are observed in the form of vowel repetition or special correspondency, and conventional symbols which are formed with sequence of certain phonemes, are ranked in second, third and fourth position of the continuum.


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