Investigating the Postmodern Form-based Tricks in Kamal Abu-Deeb Work Adhabat al-Mutanabbi fi Suhbat Kamal Abu-Deeb

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Master Graduate of Arabic Language and Literature, University of Zabol

2 Associate Professor of Arabic Language and Literature, University of Zabol

3 Assistant Professor of Arabic Language and Literature, University of Zabol


The expression of postmodernism in written texts is not limited to content and subject matter; Rather, part of the postmodernist arrangement of literary works relates to the physical elements of the text, namely the page of paper, the lines, the letters, the words, and the margins of the text. These arrangements are made in line with the postmodernist principle of uncertainty and the creation of doubts and suspicions in the ontology of the audience. This leads to the confusion of genres, the collapse of the geometric order of the text and the creation of chaos in the traditions of writing and poetry, especially the arrangement of words and lines, as well as reducing the centrality of the main text and focusing on the margins of the text. Kamal Abu-Deeb, a contemporary Syrian poet, writer, and critic, is one of the figures in contemporary Arab literature who is particularly familiar with postmodernist thought. In the collection " Adhabat al-Mutanabbi fi Suhbat Kamal Abu-Deeb wa al-'Aks bi al-'Aks", he tries to rewrite the narrations, currents and various events of Mutanabbi 's life that have been mentioned in previous texts with a postmodernist mentality. The present paper tries to analyze these mechanisms and their role in creating meaning in the above collection based on the descriptive-analytical method. According to the author, this work does not fall into the category of fiction or poetry, because it is a combination of all literary genres and form-based arts. The results of the research show that in this work, Abu-Deeb tries to portray the tensions of his inner world and the philosophy of personal and social life in the Arab countries with an emphasis on postmodernist form-based tricks. By emphasizing form-oriented tricks, he intends to direct the audience's mind to the hidden angles of his story formation in order to challenge the great narratives at the visual level. To convey this message to the audience, he uses form-based mechanisms such as blank verse, painting, geometric shapes, vertical writing, parsing, and font change, each of which plays a prominent role in creating doubts in the mind of the audience about his real affairs and proven intellectual and epistemological patterns.


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