Document Type : Research Paper
1 M.A. Student of Arabic Language and Literature, Lorestan University, Lorestan, Iran.
2 Assistant Professor of Arabic Language and Literature, Lorestan University, Lorestan, Iran.
Postcolonial critique examines the methods of imperialism's influence on literature by examining the relationship between the colonizer and the colonized, and has attracted the attention of thinkers in the field of cultural studies. The most important feature of this approach is the critique and change of colonial ideas, and postcolonial critics seek to end the one-sided reading of colonial discourse. One of the main pillars of postcolonial critique is Edward Saeed's book Orientalism, which deals with the state of colonialism and the colonial performance from a different perspective. Saeed believes that orientalists, instead of examining the real self of the East, present a reduced and fake image of it. Thus, in the form of an inverted Orientalism, he changes this erroneous modeling and introduces the East in a different way. Syrian novelist "Hanna Mine", has taken a political approach in most of his works and the main pivot of his works is the fight against colonialism and its consequences. He has written the novel "Al-Rabie wa Al-Kharif" in this direction. Mina in this multi-layered work, after describing the challenges of living in the west for eastern immigrants, especially in the cultural dimension, from the perspective of a colonized, rereads the relationship between him and the colonizer and challenges the colonial discourse. This study tries to investigate the contrasting components of postcolonial critique such as east and west, self and other, eastern man and western woman, and superior and inferior in the mentioned novel based on the viewpoints of Edward said, who is one of the most prominent theorists in this branch. The results of the work indicate the pivotal role of the gender component in Al-Rabie wa Al-Kharif and the efforts originated from Hanna mine's serious criticisms of western hegemony to reverse confrontation ideas in western orientalism