Document Type : Research Paper


Department of Arabic Language and Literature, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran



Rashad Abushawar, as a Palestinian novelist who was cruel to the pain of the Palestinians and suffered under the yoke of the Israeli occupation, spared no effort in the struggle and struggle against the other, the occupying Israeli enemy. In it, the other who occupied the land of the Palestinian homeland and sought to destroy, ruin, demolish and remove the identity of the ego and draw the angles of this violent bloody conflict between them and the funeral scenes that occurred as a result of this dialectical relationship. On the other hand, this ego did not see a solution to defend its identity and land, no matter what and wherever it was, so it seeks to know the other, but by knowing itself first and then removing the sins from the other and his nature. These fanatics are manifested in Palestinian personalities who have been deprived of all their basic rights and are struggling to get out of the yoke of the occupying Other as they exert their efforts for freedom and independence and are martyred in this way, while the other is begging for all ways such as falsifying history, reversing the facts and creating propaganda that have no basis in money. To prove his rights and claims. This article seeks to study the dialectic of the ego and the other in Rashad Abushawar’s novel The al-Ushshaq, according to the descriptive-analytical approach, and it is a relationship of conflict and clash that the recipient realizes from reading the title, which is the “al-Ushshaq” of the land of Palestine who played the role of the ego in struggle against the other who deprived them of their rights. This title refers directly to The occurrence of an inevitable clash between the ego and the other, and some results indicate that the novelist painted a negative image of the Israeli other and all those who supported and sided with him in the occupation of the Palestinian homeland. Desirable for the Palestinian ego cooperating with the occupying other.


Main Subjects

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