Representation of Violence in the Vovel At the ISIS Table based on the Slavoj Žižek Theory

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Assistant Professor of Arabic Language and Literature, Farhangian University

2 PhD Graduate of Arabic Language and literature, University of Tehran


Since violence represents suppressive aspect of power, a violent relationship between the inferior and superior parties is inevitable. By combining philosophical and everyday life concepts, Žižek depicted different dimensions of violence. The novel At the ISIS table narrates the suffering of the Izadi people who encountered the invasion and genocide of ISIL. Using Žižek's model, this study had an attempt to explain the different layers of ISIL violence against Izadi people to show how the author has represented different dimensions of violence in the events of the story and has applied the issue of violence as a narrative theme. The results of the research showed that all types of violence in the novel are influenced by the violence of the gods mentioned by Žižek. By applying systemic violence, ISIL intends to de-institutionalize the family and other social foundations. ISIL's methods for repressing women are active and symbolic, and at the same time, it has not neglected active methods such as using women against women. ISIL used takfir of the "other" to justify violence against its members, and the Izadis were doomed to destruction as a manifestation of infidelity that hindered the realization of the caliphate's objectives. In the present novel, women are the biggest victims of violence, and their inferior position has historically added to ISIL's power to commit systemic and absolute violence against women.


Abdullah, Zahraa (2017), at the ISIS table, Beirut: Dar al-Adab, ]in Arabic[.
Asghari, Javad and Simin Gholami (1397), “Postcolonial components in the novel The Way of the Sun, The Road to the Sun, East-West by Abdolkarim Nassif”, Arabic Literature, Volume 10, Number 2, 21-40, ]in Persian[.
Babri, Niknam (2014), Systematization: The Achilles Heel of Takfiriism, Tehran: Abrar Contemporary International Cultural Studies and Research Institute, ]in Persian[.
Benjamin, Walter (2009), “Critique of Violence”, in the book Law and Violence, by Morad Farhadpour, Omid Mehregan and Saleh Najafi, Tehran, New Event, ]in Persian[.
Dortier, Jean-François (2002), “Pierre Bourdieu anthropologist, sociologist”, translated by Morteza Katabi, Anthropology Quarterly, No. 1, 225-237, ]in Persian[.
Ebrahimnejad, Mohammad (2014), ISIL: Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, Qom, Dar al-Alam, ]in Persian[.
Faten, Al-Murr (2017), “Similarity and metaphor in a novel at the ISIS table by Zahra Abdullah,” Al-Feniq online magazine, 58-74, ]in Arabic[.
Foster, Michael (1979), The Gods of Political Thought, translated by Javad Shaykh al-Islami, Tehran, Amirkabir, ]in Persian[.
Ghasemi, Vahid and Mohammadi, Nariman (2017), “Violence, text and construction of the 'other', representation of violence in the intellectual text of fundamentalism”, Quarterly Journal of Political Studies of the Islamic World, Year 6, No. 22, pp. 93-116,]in Persian[. last available at 15/01/2021.
Katam, Martha and Olrf Beth Dietz, Masters and Preston, Thomas (2007), An Introduction to Political Psychology, translated by Seyed Kamal Kharazi and Javad Alaghband Rad, Tehran, University Publishing Center, ]in Persian[.
Maroof, Yahya & Muslim Khazli (2013), “Critique of Personality Psychology in Mutnabi Poems”, Arabic Literature, Fifth Year, No. 2, 193-215, ]in Persian[.
Nafeh, Bashir Moussa (2014), The Bottom Phenomenon: Pluralism and Politics, Beirut, The Arab House of Sciences, ]in Arabic[.
Sharifzadeh, Mohammad Reza and Bahrampour, Mitra (2019), “Reconstruction of the roots of violence in Germany after World War II based on the views of Žižek ,Slavoj”, Theoretical Foundations of Visual Arts, No. 8, 85-102, ]in Persian[.
Tavana, Mohammad Ali and Al-Houdadi, Nafiseh (2017), “Hobbes Civil Violence: A Reading of Leviathan”, Bi-Quarterly Journal of Theoretical Policy Research, No. 22, 1-27, ]in Persian[.
Zaytoun, Mahdi (2017), “A reading in a novel at the ISIS table by Zahra Abdullah”, on the website: last visit: 06/23/2021, ]in Arabic[.
Žižek ,Slavoj (2011a), Violence, Five Eyes, translated by Alireza Pak Nohad, second edition, Tehran, Third Millennium Publishing,]in Persian[.
ــــــــــــــــ  (2011b), Welcome to the desert of Truth, translated by Fattah Mohammadi, third edition, Tehran, Third Millennium,]in Persian[.
ــــــــــــــــ  (2013), The Obscene Aspect of Human Rights in Law and Violence, Excerpts, translated by Maziar Eslami, Third Edition, Tehran, New Event,]in Persian[.