Document Type : Research Paper


1 Assistant Professor, Department of Arabic Language and Literature, Faculty of Literature, Alzahra University, Tehran, Iran.

2 Associate Professor , Department of Arabic Language and Literature, Faculty of Literature, Alzahra University, Tehran, Iran.


Structuralist criticism is one of the branches of critiquing a literary text in which structures and the relationship between components and rules are discovered. Roland Barthes from France is one of the founders of this school. To analyze the narratives, he presented a model titled “Quintuple Mysteries’’ that identifies and figures out the Hermeneutic, Proairetic, Semantic, Symbolic, and Cultural layers of the text. Using these mysteries, signs can be converted into the meaningful components, and the relationship between signifier and signified can be perceived. The present article intends to extract and decipher the Quintuple Mysteries present in the novel called “Love without Resistance” (written by Leili Itawi- a contemporary Lebanese writer) based on the descriptive-analytical approach and achieve the central symbol of the story by investigating them. Using quintuple mysteries, this novel has put forwarded “resistance and love” as a central symbol and introduces the main heroes in the story as symbols of the Martyrdom-Seeking Spirit and eagerness to find real love. By creating harmony in structure and content, it sometimes expresses the values and ideologies of jihadists in the form of conversations and/or indirect descriptions implicitly. Meanwhile, it has figured out the right-wrong dichotomy through the character traits of the conflicting theme between positive and negative personality traits. The writer’s absolutist view to the characters has created symbolic personalities in the novel. And also making small and big puzzles and answering them during the novel has helped the events to move forward.


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