نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دانشیار گروه زبان و ادبیات عربی دانشگاه تهران
2 دانشجوی دکتری زبان و ادبیات عربی دانشگاه تهران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Intertextuality is a technique which has widely been used in contemporary Arabic poetry. According to the mentioned application and its high importance, critics have developed various definitions about it. Looking at the definitions of this concept by Western critics such as Roland Barth and Julia Kristeva, and Arab critics such as Abd al-Malik Murtāḍ, mohammad azzam, mohammad meftah, Abdollah al- ghathami and khalil mossa. we can say that they considered the concept as a methodological and structural phenomenon. However, this phenomenon has a practical function in the target text in contemporary Arabic poetry, in addition to its structural function. Therefore, the authors of this study, have sought to emphasize the practicality of intertextuality-rather than only seeing its structural role- by studying Qur’anic intertextuality in Mohammad Qaisi’s poems using a descriptive-analytic method. It is concluded from the findings of the research that the poet used the Qur’anic words or verses consciously as a means of referring the reader to the text of the Quran and subsequently confirming his own claims. Thus, by reversing the relationship and using the Qur’anic verses in a contradictory sense, such as the use of images showing hope within an atmosphere of frustration and despair, he illustrates the depth of the disaster. On the other hand, using the verses which represent the awakening, the warning and the condemnation of the oppressors and the unbelievers, he tries to wake up the Palestinians and other Arab nations, describing their enemies and condemning them. So it can be said that the poet has used the intertextuality technique in four main directions: creating a revers relationship and using Qur’anic images in a contradictory sense, using Qur’anic images expressing dead incitation, using Qur’anic images to describe the oppressors and unbelievers, and using Quarn’aic images which reflect awakening and preaching to arouse the Palestinian nation and other Arab nations.