عنوان مقاله [English]
Language is considered as one of the outstanding interactive means of human beings to transmit mental concepts. The analysis this infinite collection of symbols that are manifested in the form of words is one of the concerns in literature and linguistics. Cognitive semantics is one of the approaches dealing with language and can be used to find out a reliable relation between language, outside experiences, thoughts, and social experiences. Comprehending and analyzing the application of pictorial schemes is one of the fundamental issues in cognitive semantics. Through such an approach, we can arrive at a valid interpretation of the abstract concepts of the language of a text and at an understanding of the cognitive structure the writer of that text. This research tries to find out the frequency and application of pictorial schemes in Sohran Sepehri and Khalil Hawi’s poetry. Most of Sepehri’s poetry is a combination of different beliefs in Islamic mysticism and Eastern religions like Buddhism, which are juxtaposed in the most harmonious way. His verses can be considered as mysticism expressed in today’s language. Khalil Hawi’s verses also manifest different beliefs of Western and Eastern philosophy. His poems not only incorporate issues and conflicts of his country, but describe mental concepts which are difficult to comprehend. This research seeks to determine what the role of pictorial schemes in the poems of these poets is, and how their theoretical concepts affect the frequency and application of the pictorial schemes. The findings show that Sepehri’s practice of painting, the mystical concepts of his poems, and his poetical loneliness cause “body schemes” to have the most frequency in his verses. On the other hand, because of the thought disorder and the melancholy governing Khalil Hawi’s verses, “power schemes,” all of which express failure in the social activities, are frequently seen in his poetry.