عنوان مقاله [English]
Critical realism as a literary school has a special place in the critique of fiction, a school that reflects social life with an objective approach to facts. Samuel Shimon in his novel An Iraqi in Paris under the influence of the social structure in which he lived, reflects the immigrant gaze in another country which he lived. Considering the necessity of addressing the phenomenon of migration and its hidden and obvious negative effects on the communities from which migration takes place, The present study uses a descriptive - analytical method to examine the impact of colonialism and government policies on Iraqi society , especially the impact of these policies on the ethnic minorities of Iraq from the perspective of an immigrant. The purpose of this paper is to examine the harmful political, economic and social challenges of the author's era in Iraq , based on the components of critical realism , in order to explain the effective factors on migration. The achievements of the research show that the author has shown his events and political, historical and social conditions of his society with a realistic and critical style with a humorous expression. As an Assyrian immigrant, As an immigrant Assyrian, Shimon represents the social class from which he emerged, criticizing the failure to change the policies of the governments in different historical periods towards the minorities living in Iraq. Influenced by the social and political environment of Iraq, especially the conditions of the Assyrian minority, the author has been able to clearly explain the role of colonialism in sectarian wars by representing history and criticized the space in which societies and their governing policies deprive people of their legal and human rights whether in the immigration environment or in their own homeland by depicting the face of a homeless immigrant.