نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
گروه زبان و ادبیات عربی دانشگاه بینالمللی امام خمینی، قزوین، ایران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
Criticism of literary works based on archetypal criticism is one of the types of psychological criticism based on the theories of Carl Gustav Jung. He considers the products of the collective unconscious to be examples of archetypes, which appear in cases such as self, shadow, anima, animus, etc. Finds; The manifestation of the mental and psychological aspects of the characters of the play and the place of the inner unconscious in the play of Al-Harr al-Riyahi caused this article with the aim of analyzing the archetypes in this work based on Jung's theories and using the descriptive-analytical method with a new approach to this Ashurai work. to study The archetype of the self, the shadow, the feminine element (anima) and the use of different colors are among the archetypes in this play. Analyzing the play of Al-Harr al-Riyahi based on Jung's theory is one of the ways to penetrate and deeply understand the content of the play, and the knowledge of the unconscious of the characters of the play leads to the recognition of the hidden secrets and deep concepts of this type of works. Among the archetypes used in this play, we can mention the self and the shadow, and the contrast between two mental states in this play represents the contrast between these two archetypes. Har Riahi is a symbol of self-awareness and awakening (self), and Shammar bin Dhi al-Jawshan is a symbol of neglect and submission (shadow) to the self, that is, the opposition of good and evil, which has been the focus of many religions throughout the world. In this play, the archetype of color is also reflected in the characters of the play. The use of black color has been used to express certain concepts such as turbidity and hostility, which the archetype of the shadow is frequently involved with, and the color white evokes the concept of purity and innocence, which is observed in the expression of states related to the archetype of the self, and finally the color Red is an indescribable expression of eternal life and immortality, which finds its meaning in the pure blood of Imam Hussain (peace be upon him).